The project will be implemented through 3 major work phases:

  • Phase 1: Conducting a comprehensive review of the policy approaches and measures being used to tackle undeclared work. Across the globe, there is a shift away from deterrence approaches and measures that seek to eradicate the undeclared economy towards approaches and measures to enable the formalisation of such activity. Until now, however, no comprehensive reviews have been conducted of the approaches and measures being used to facilitate formalisation across Europe, North America and Australasia. This project aims to fill this major gap by reviewing the commonalities and differences in approaches and measures, what they are seeking to achieve and what they have achieved so far.
  • Phase 2: Empirically evaluating the measures for facilitating the shift of undeclared work into the declared economy in the selected target region. Going beyond a normative approach, we will use a mix of quantitative and qualitative methodologies in order to: compare the intentions of the legislator with the results as seen by policy-takers (those who have to comply with them) and review evaluations of the expected results of measures from other countries and contexts on policy takers in the selected target region. Phase 2 will involve the use of focus groups and large scale surveys.
  • Phase 3: Based on the results of the first two objectives, the final objective is to recommend possible new policy approaches and measures (or endorse old ones) that will facilitate the transformation of undeclared employment into  declared employment. This will be done by issuing a series of policy briefs and academic articles that will engage both policy makers and the scientific community in the debate. Furthermore, a series of outreach activities will be pursued with the aim of sensitising the general public to the issue and raising their awareness of the implications of working and purchasing in the undeclared economy.